Energizing Industrial Development: The Role of the State in 21st Century Greening Strategies


  • John A. Mathews




Industrial development, as it diffuses globally to encompass the great emerging 21st century powers China, India and Brazil, increasingly has to place energy issues at the core – to move off the fossil fuels that worked in the past but are creating impossible tensions now and to move towards a new green growth model that promises to reduce or eliminate those tensions as it expands. In this paper I review the issues involved in the new ‘green industrial strategy’ and discuss the institutional state strategies being deployed in China, India, Brazil and South Africa – the BICS countries – to drive the transition that is under way. The argument goes that in the 21st century the developmental state has perforce to be a practitioner of green industrial strategies. The Brazilian model with its threefold involvement of state institutions in developing rolling ten-year plans for renewable energy deployment, targeted investment with local content requirements through the national development bank and promotion of cost eductions through state-mediated reverse auctions, is discussed as a viable strategy.

Keywords: industrialization, strategic planning, sustainable development, public policy, renewable energy, international cooperation, case study


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Mathews, J. A. (2015). Energizing Industrial Development: The Role of the State in 21st Century Greening Strategies. Revista Do Serviço Público, 66, 29 - 54. https://doi.org/10.21874/rsp.v66i0.1276